You’ve breastfed your baby for a year. Congratulations!

If you plan to breastfeed your baby beyond one year — also known as extended breastfeeding — you might have questions about the process. Get the facts about extended breastfeeding.

Is extended breastfeeding recommended?

Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months after birth, and breastfeeding in combination with solids foods until at least one year old. Extended breastfeeding is recommended as long as you and your baby wish to continue.


What are the benefits of extended breast-feeding?


  • Balanced nutrition. Breast milk is considered the gold standard for infant nutrition. As your baby gets older, the composition of your breast milk will continue to change to meet his or her nutritional needs. There’s no known age at which breast milk is considered to become nutritionally insignificant for a child.
  • Boosted immunity. As long as you breastfeed, the cells, hormones and antibodies in your breast milk will continue to bolster your baby’s immune system.
  • Improved health. Research suggests that the longer breastfeeding continues and the more breast milk a baby drinks, the better his or her health might be.


  • Reduced risk of certain illnesses. Extended breastfeeding as well as breastfeeding for 12 months or more cumulatively in life, has been shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes.
  • Improved health. Research suggests that the longer breast-feeding continues and the more breast milk a baby drinks, the better a mother’s health might be.


What role does breast milk play in an older baby’s diet?

It depends on how much breast milk your baby is drinking. After one year, a baby might continue regularly drinking a moderate amount of breast milk. As a result, breast milk will continue to be a major source of nutrients for him or her. Other babies, however, might use solid foods to meet their nutritional needs and only want small amounts of breast milk.

If you have questions about your baby’s diet or the role breast milk might play in it as he or she grows, talk to your baby’s doctor.


Will extended breastfeeding make the weaning process more difficult?

Not necessarily. It’s often easiest to begin weaning when your baby initiates the process — which might be sooner or later than you expect. Weaning often begins naturally at about age of six months, when solid foods are typically introduced. Some babies begin to gradually transition from breast milk and seek other forms of nutrition and comfort closer to one year. Others might not initiate weaning until their toddler years when they become less willing to sit still during breastfeeding.


How should I handle negative reactions to extended breastfeeding?

Worldwide, babies are weaned on average between ages two and four. In some cultures, breastfeeding continues until children are age six or seven. In other parts of the world, however, extended breastfeeding is less common and can sometimes provoke uninformed, negative reactions.

How long you breastfeed is up to you and your baby. If loved ones and even strangers share their opinions about when to wean, remind them that the decision is yours. Try not to worry about what other people think. Instead, trust your instincts.

Extended breastfeeding can be an intimate way to continue nurturing your baby. If you’re considering extended breastfeeding, think about what’s best for both you and your baby — and enjoy this special time together.